America’s Fittest City Will Surprise You

If you love city life and want a healthy lifestyle, pack your bags and head for our nation’s capital.

For the third year in a row, according to the American Fitness Index, Washington, D.C., has ranked number one as the fittest major city in America.

Henryk Sadura via Getty Images
Why is the District of Columbia so healthy? More of its residents walk or bike to work, live near a park and smoke significantly less than the rest of the country.

The annual report, published by the American College of Sports Medicine, measures health and fitness levels in 50 of the country’s major metropolitan areas. Researchers rank the cities by looking at obesity, smoking and diabetes rates, as well as access to healthy environmental factors, such as farmers markets, parks and recreational facilities.

Overall, the U.S. has seen a shift toward healthier lifestyles since last year’s report. The amount of people smoking dropped 4.7 percent, the number of diabetes-related deaths dropped 7.4 percent, and twice as many states had policies that required schools to teach physical education.

The researchers also found that the policies and physical layout of a city can determine how healthy its residents will be.

“Cities with a built-in environment that supports people who want to be healthy, generally have a healthier population,” Walter Thompson, professor of kinesiology and health at Georgia State University and AFI advisory board member, told The Huffington Post.

“Cities that fall on the low end of our rankings have the opposite of that,” he added. “They don’t have the same number of parks, their cities aren’t walkable, or they don’t spend as much money [maintaining] their parks.”

D.C., for example, spends $346 per resident on park-related expenditures, and 96.3 percent of residents live within a 10-minute walk to a park. Compare that to the report’s lowest ranking city, Indianapolis, which only spends $24 per resident on park upkeep and has only 31.6 percent of its population living near a park.

Thomas Barwick via Getty Images
Trends in the American Fitness Index reveal that cities that invest a lot of moneyin parks and recreational facilities tend to havehealthier residents.

The American College of Sports Medicine began publishing the AFI report in 2008 so policy makers could see what the country’s fittest cities are doing differently and use that information in their own city planning.

The organization publishes the report with a downloadable Community Action Guide so that community leaders and residents can make significant changes in their city and boost public health initiatives.

Thompson says that residents in cities like Charlotte — which has moved up from No. 43 in 2014 to No. 39 in 2016 — have used the AFI guide to inspire change.

“A few years ago, the people of Charlotte wanted to see more farmers markets,” Thompson told Huffpost. So some grassroots organizations came together and are “now a powerful voice to the city and to the mayor. They are demanding change and the mayor’s listening.”

Below, find out if your hometown made the cut:

  • 10 San Diego, California
    Ron Chapple Stock via Getty Images

    Total Score: 64.1

    Not only do the residents of San Diego eat more fruits and vegetables daily, they alsoengage in enough physical activity to meet the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s aerobic and strength activity guidelines.

  • 9 Hartford, Connecticut
    Sean Pavone via Getty Images

    Total Score: 65.3

    Hartford’s high number of golf courses, swimming pools, baseball fields and tennis courtsmake it easy for residents to live an active lifestyle. This shows inthe area’s low death rates for cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

  • 8 Salt Lake City, Utah
    Mike Kemp via Getty Images

    Total Score: 65.5

    Salt Lake City ranks high in walkability and offers its residents a number of options for physical activity with its many playgrounds, dog parks, golf courses and tennis courts. Its residents alsosmoked lessthan the rest of the country, while a lower percent of the population sufferedfromangina or coronary heart disease.

  • 7 Boston, Massachusetts
    Betty Wiley via Getty Images
    Total Score: 67.0

    Boston spends a lot on park-related expenditures per capita, giving its residents access toball diamonds, playgrounds and city parks.It’s also easy to getaround the city on foot, which Bostonians take advantage of by biking or walking to work.
  • 6 San Francisco, California
    Dave and Les Jacobs via Getty Images

    Total Score: 69.3

    With lots ofparks and farmers’ markets, SanFransisco makes it easy for its residents to make healthy decisions. A high number of San Franciscans eat veggies dailyand make use of the city’s public transportation system.

  • 5 Seattle, Washington
    Spaces Images via Getty Images
    Total Score: 69.0

    Seattle had a high percentageof residents whowere able to fit in exercise in the last 30 days.The also city has high level of requirements for Physical Education classes, with a gooddeal of residents who live near a park.
  • 4 Portland, Oregon
    Patrick Brooks Brandenburg via Getty Images

    Total Score: 69.6

    Portland dedicates a lotof space to all kinds of parks, including dog parks, golf courses and baseball parks.That may be the reason so many of its residents meet the CDC’s guidelines for aerobic activity.

  • 3 Denver, Colorado
    Alan Copson via Getty Images

    Total Score: 72.6

    The walkable city of Denver has some of the lowest obesity rates, as well as low death rates for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Lots of its residents live within walking distanceof a park, making it easier to go for a healthy stroll.

  • 2 Minneapolis, Minnesota
    RudyBalasko via Getty Images

    Total Score: 76.7

    Minneapolis was dethroned as AFI’sNo. 1 fittest cityin America in 2012, but that doesn’t mean its residents are any less healthy. The Twin Cities continue to have low death rates for cardiovascular disease and diabetes and a high number of residents prefer to walk or bike to work.

  • 1 District of Columbia
    Robert Clare via Getty Images

    Total Score: 77.9

    For the last three years, Washington D.C. has led the pack as the country’s fittest city, with some of the lowest rates of smokers and lowest death rates for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. The capital’s residents have accesstomany parks, recreation centers and farmers’ markets and the walkability of the city makes it easy to get around without a car.

  • See the full report of how all 50 major metropolitan areas ranked here.

    This list has been edited for clarity to remove secondary municipalities that were initially included with the major cities in the MSAs above. For additional information about the statistical areas included with each city, please refer to The American Fitness Index.

Read more: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2016/05/16/fittest-cities-us-afi-report-2016_n_10017572.html

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